The annual “Henley Passport Index”, published on 8 January 2019, is a “ranking of all the world’s passports according to the number of destinations their holders can access without a prior visa.”

The index is published by Henley & Partners, an immigration advisory firm for investors, using data from International Air Transport Association and its own research.

Holders of a Luxembourg or Spanish passport can enter 186 jurisdictions visa-free, Henley & Partners said.

The three most powerful passports were Asian: Japan (190 countries and territories) and Singapore and South Korea (both 189). The rest of the top 10 were European, North American and Antipodean passports.

Top 5 in the 2019 Henley Passport Index
Graphic: Henley & Partners ‏via Twitter

At the bottom of the table were the passports of poorer countries in Africa, the middle east and south Asia, including Eritrea (visa-free entry to only 38 jurisdictions), Yemen (37), Pakistan (33), Somalia and Syria (32), and Afghanistan and Iraq (30).