According to Eurostat, Germany--1,7 million non-national children --and France--1,1 million-- host the highest number of children who do not have the citizenship of their country of residence. Luxembourg, however, with a total child population of about 101,000, proportionally has the highest number of children, with nearly one in two children living in Luxembourg being citizens of a foreign country.
This is unsurprising as nearly half of Luxembourg’s residents in 2020 were foreigners.
Luxembourg is followed by Austria (19%), Malta (15%), Greece (13%) and Germany (12%), while countries like Romania, Slovakia, Poland, Lithuania and Bulgaria have the smallest number of non-national youths.
The grand duchy is also one of the EU members who granted the most first residency permits to non-EU children in Europe over 2020.
However, as a study by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) showed at the end of November, a lot of initiatives to help foreigners integrate in Luxembourg needed to be pushed further. Children, for instance, struggle to integrate the school system in Luxembourg, where the main language of education switches from Luxembourgish to German to French over the course of 15 years, the study explained.
This would then--according to the OECD--explain how 55% of drop-outs are immigrants and non-natives.