Mari Kiviniemi, Finland’s prime minister, speaking at the “How to close the gender cap” session during the 2011 World Economic Forum annual meeting in Davos.
Photo: World Economic Forum/swiss-image.ch/Sebastian Derungs (2011)
Equality: Women in the Grand Duchy have lost some ground in the march towards parity, according to a Swiss think tank.
The Grand Duchy is the 21st most equal country for women, a new study has found. Geneva-based think tank World Economic Forum said that female Luxembourg residents were 74% as equal as men in the four key areas measured in its Global Gender Gap Index 2013.
The ranking was lower than its 17th place score last year, but still an improvement over its level of equality in 2011 (30th most equal) and in the group’s first equality survey in 2006 (56th).
The Swiss organisation--best known for its Davos conference and global competitivenesssurvey--examined “economic participation and opportunity”, “educational attainment”, “political empowerment” and “health and survival” in 136 nations.
Women in the Grand Duchy scored best in the educational attainment category, with a 100% score and ranking first worldwide. The report noted there were 1.12 women for each man enrolled in tertiary education.
Luxembourg females also fared well in the economic participation and opportunity, ranking 7th globally with a score of 81.6% equality. The ranking was boosted by the country’s high estimated earned income, but dragged down by relatively low labour force participation rates.
Women in the Grand Duchy did less well in political empowerment, placing 51st most equal with a score of 17.6% equally. The country was hit by the low number of women in parliament and the lack of a female head of state for the past 50 years.
The country did most poorly in the health and survival field, tying with Singapore as 85th most equal, between Bolivia (84th) and Iran (87th). The score was depressed by the Grand Duchy’s low female-to-male sex ratio at birth.
Overall, Luxembourg ranked behind the UK (18th most equal), Austria (19th) and Canada (20th), and above Burundi (22nd), the US (23rd) and Australia (24th).
The top places were held by Iceland, Finland, Norway, Sweden and 5th most equal Philippines.
Belgium was the 11th most gender equal, Germany was 14th and the highest ranked G20 country, and France was 45th.
The least equal nations in the World Economic Forum study were Mauritania, Syria, Chad, Pakistan and 136th placed Yemen.